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This paper provides an overview of the electric field (E-field) distribution on transmission line composite insulators applied in alternating current applications. Factors that affect the E-field distribution are discussed as well as the influence of the E-field distribution on the short and long term performance. Modeling and measurement methods are reported and examples of calculated E-field magnitudes determined are presented together with corona ring application information. This paper was developed by the IEEE Task force on electric fields and composite insulators.